In the centre of the town of Mazcuerras, opposite the Plaza de Concha Espina, stands this impressive mansion built by the Indianos. It was inaugurated in 1882, according to the inscription on the gate at the entrance to the extensive estate that houses it.
Mazcuerras belongs to the western coast of Cantabria, barely 45 kilometres from Santander. The west of Cantabria, unlike the east, has remained safe from massive construction due to the delay in the construction of the Cantabrian motorway, completed in the 21st century, so there are no urban developments, which makes this town an exclusive residential area, with large mansions, very close to the beaches, the Oyambre Nature Reserve, the Saja-Besaya Park and Monte Corona, with access to services within a few kilometres.
Nearby is the Real Club de Golf de Pedreña, 40 km away, the Real Club de Golf de Oyambre, one of the oldest in Spain and the Club de Santa Marina, designed by Severiano Ballesterosa. Santander airport is 30-40 km away and the Marqués de Valdecilla Hospital is 30 minutes away.
Historically it was the old Malacoria on the route of the Route of the Foramontanos, ancient settlers of Castile at the time of the Reconquest. Named village of Cantabria 2008 for its historical, cultural and environmental values. Because of its architectural heritage, it is known as “La aldea de las Casonas” (the village of mansions) and because of its links to literature it is known as “Luzmela”, as it is the setting for one of the most popular novels by the writer Concha Espina: “La niña de Luzmela” (The girl from Luzmela), who lived in this village. It is also known as “the town of flowers” because of its great tradition in the cultivation of flowers, plants and trees that adorn public spaces and the façades of its buildings. Los Viveros Escalante, with more than a century of antiquity and 20 hectares of land spread throughout the town, is linked to the design of its spectacular gardens.
The property is bordered on all four sides by a public road. The main façade with the entrance facing south. The enclave of the house, surrounded by 7,200 m2 (deeded) of garden, with the four orientations and with a perimeter fence of significant height, which gives the property total privacy. From inside the garden we can enjoy a spectacular sunset, with Monte Corona and the natural park of Oyambre in the background, between the gaps of the trees wisely distributed.
We quote a paragraph from the writer Josefiina Aldecoa from her book En la distancia: “The river Saja at his feet, the mountain at his back. Meadows, trees and plants in the orchards, flowers in the windows of the houses, mountains. Tranquillity. Peace. Time seemed to have stopped in that friendly and welcoming place”.
The Indian heritage is part of our history and an exhibition such as this one is a recognition of those who went to sea to make their fortune and then left their mark. That is why they are called the houses that came from the sea.
This is an example of an Indian house, a palace characteristic of the eclectic architecture of the 19th century; it owes its name to the numerous species of magnolia trees that flood the estate where it is located. The director of the work was Germán Del Río Iturralde. Built in stone and brick, it has a square shape, with two lateral bodies to the east and west, which gives the building volume.
The height of the building is divided into two floors and a mezzanine. The façades are made of slender ashlar masonry. Two bodies stand out, the main wall and, attached to it, a pentagonal body that juts out. At its base, the staircase, decorated with artificial stone vases and lions, has an entrance porch on which it rises, with slender cast-iron or cast-iron columns. These serve as the starting point for raised arches, above which there is a spacious and severe polygonal oriel, crowned by a balcony, with a frontispiece in the form of a shield, with a cornice decorated with rosettes or flowers, with the initials of the owner of the estate. These same initials are repeated on the entrance portholes, as well as the year of its inauguration, 1882. A curious feature of this doorway is a pair of eagles that act as a stop to the porthole.